When Was Photoshop Invented and Why

When Was Photoshop Invented and Why

Who doesn’t know the name of Photoshop? The ultimate most popular and powerful photo editing software in the world! For the last 30 years, it’s been the first choice by millions of industry professionals. But, many of the users, especially beginners search to know- when was Photoshop invented and the reason behind developing this tool! Well! Today in this article, we will try to cover all the things together in a frame so that you get a clear idea about the history of Photoshop and its growth by years.

Let’s start with the introduction to this creative innovation. Later, we will try to let you know-

  • When was Photoshop first invented?
  • Why was Photoshop created?
  • Photoshop version history with features.

What Is Photoshop?

In Simple words, Adobe Photoshop or shortly Photoshop is an extremely powerful graphic design software that helps to execute all the image editing and retouching tasks with its smart tools. It’s also called a raster graphics editor. This application is widely used by designers, photographers, web developers, marketing coordinators, art directors, webmasters, and artists from different media. Some of the popular Photoshop versions are likely Adobe Photoshop Elements, Photoshop CC, Lightroom Classic, etc. These all have different purposes to develop that have some special characteristics.

When Was Photoshop Invented?

Like any precious invention of technology, Photoshop was not also discovered in a day. It took several years to reach this stage and give access to many advanced features for the users. Photoshop was initially released in 1988 as ‘Image Pro’. Later in 1990, it was released as Adobe Photoshop 1.0 under the brand name, Adobe.

Behind The Invention…

This simple query may arise to the people who are being introduced with this special tool. Who is/are behind this creative invention or who invented Photoshop? Well! They are brothers namely Thomas Knoll, a software engineer, and John Knoll, a visual effects supervisor. At the time of exploring the idea of Photoshop, Thomas was a PhD student at the University of Michigan, who was then writing a program called ‘Display’ that was being developed for displaying grayscale images on a monochrome display.

Then after seeing the project, his brother John, who was a visual effect artist at Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) planned to turn this into a complete image editing program. It was a big step indeed! Initially, it was known as ImagePro.

What Was Photoshop Originally Created For?

After being familiar with the name, the question may arise- why was Photoshop invented? In the earlier time of its invention, Knoll brothers designed this program with a view to providing an easy solution for image editing. Later, it made a huge improvement in releasing the updated versions. Now, it’s become almost the one-way program for creating digital paintings, web design materials, making GIFs, posters & brochures, infographics & mock-ups, and many more.

Adobe Photoshop Pros & Cons

In this part, we will cover both the advantages and drawbacks of Photoshop from a neutral plane. Let’s go through the points below!

Pros

  • The perfect tool for color adjustments, clipping paths, image retouching, basic animations, batch editing, converting image formats, and other complex editing.
  • Practical and flexible for professionals.
  • Has an excellent and organized interface, including the necessary instructions to use it properly.
  • Plenty of design tools and plugins.
  • A great tool to design flyers, greeting cards, animated GIFs, and many more.
  • Capable of creating social media elements for promoting any product or service.
  • It can easily increase the resolution of images that attract the audience.
  • Easy to customize with pre-designed layers, Photoshop templates, and colors.

Cons

  • Complex app for beginners and sometimes many features seem hard to learn.
  • Comparatively expensive software.
  • Not perfectly compatible with vector graphics.
  • Not every user may find the full functionality of Photoshop easily.
  • It needs a strong processor and plenty of memory space to run this program.

Brief History of Photoshop

So, after being introduced to Photoshop and the story behind this, we come with a brief history of this tool along with their released versions’ noteworthy features.

Adobe Photoshop 1.0

Adobe Photoshop 1.0.7

Adobe Photoshop 1.0.7

  • The first official version of Adobe Photoshop 1.0 was released in February 1990.
  • Under the brand Adobe, it was the first commercial release of this product that was developed for Macintosh (presently Mac) platform.
  • It contained the program disk, tutorial disk, calibration disk, Photoshop user manual, program disk by third-party developers, sample images, and registration card.
  • Some of the editing tools it covered were likely color correction with balance, saturation, and hue, image optimization, etc.
  • The last update of this version ended up to 1.0.7.

Adobe Photoshop 2.0

Adobe Photoshop 2.0.1

Adobe Photoshop 2.0.1

  • After the success of the 1st release, the second version of Photoshop was published in June 1991.
  • Some features, including paths, CMYK Color, EPS Rasterization, and also stability have been greatly improved in the latest version.
  • Like the previous version, it’s also compatible with only MacOS system.

Adobe Photoshop 2.5

  • This is the upgraded version of Adobe Photoshop 2.0 that had 16-bit per channel support.
  • It was the first version of Photoshop developed for both Mac and Windows systems in November 1992.
  • A memory bug was found and later it improved in the updated version- Photoshop 2.5.1 (released in November 1993).
  • It’s also compatible with IRIX and Solaris platforms.

Adobe Photoshop 3.0

Adobe Photoshop 3.0

Adobe Photoshop 3.0

  • Adobe Photoshop 3.0 was first released in September 1994 with its Mac version. Later, in November 1994, it brought the update for Windows, IRIX, and Solaris platforms.
  • Users were first introduced with ‘Layers’ and ‘tabbed palettes’ from this Photoshop version.
  • It was the first release to be distributed in compact disc and floppy disk formats.

Adobe Photoshop 4.0

Adobe Photoshop 4.0

Adobe Photoshop 4.0

  • Adobe released its 4.0 version in November 1996 with codename ‘Big Electric Cat’.
  • Multiple features were introduced in this version likely adjustment layers, color gradients, special effects filters, digital watermarking, grids & guides, free transform tool, navigator palette, and more.
  • Supported both Windows and Mac platforms.

Adobe Photoshop 5.0

  • This version was first introduced in May 1998 with some new features.
  • Many features were included in Photoshop 5.0. These are Multiple Undo, Freeform Pen, Layer Effects, Measure Tool, Color Samplers, Editable Type, Spot Color Channels, etc.

Adobe Photoshop 5.5

Adobe Photoshop 5.5

Adobe Photoshop 5.5

  • The upgraded version of Photoshop 5.0 was launched as Photoshop 5.5 in February 1999.
  • It brought some more facilities like ‘Save for Web’ and ‘ImageReady’ to make the editing tasks more comfortable and easier.
  • It also introduced the ‘Extract’ filter so that designers can remove an image from background easily.

Adobe Photoshop 6.0

Adobe Photoshop 6.0

Adobe Photoshop 6.0

  • Another notable release of Adobe was its Photoshop 6.0 version that was launched in September 2000.
  • It launched the ‘Vector Shapes’ feature that supported vector drawing. It helps to create vector shapes and turn them into bitmap images.
  • Also, it introduced the multi-layer functions and Blending features to bring more comfort in design.

Adobe Photoshop Elements

  • This special version of Photoshop came with some specific elements of this tool rather than all the advanced and complex features. Adobe released it in 2001.
  • Redesigned and simplified user interface.
  • Perfect for doing simple image editing tasks at less cost.

Adobe Photoshop 7.0

Adobe Photoshop 7.0

Adobe Photoshop 7.0

  • Adobe Photoshop 7.0 was released in March 2002 and the upgraded version 7.0.1 came after a few months in August 2002.
  • It introduced the features like Healing Brush, Spell Check, Patch Tool, Button Rollovers, Web Gallery, and Paint Engine.

Adobe Photoshop CS (8.0)

Adobe Photoshop 8.0

Adobe Photoshop 8.0

  • Adobe Photoshop started its Creative Suite (CS) journey by releasing the version in October 2003 with a bunch of exciting features.
  • It brought highly modified Slice Tool, Match Color command, Real-Time Histogram, Shadow/ Highlight command, Camera RAW 2.x, Lens Blur filter, Smart Guides, and many more.
  • It had also sorting and sharing capabilities with a better user control.

Adobe Photoshop CS2 (9.0)

Adobe Photoshop CS2

Adobe Photoshop CS2

  • Released in April 2005, Adobe brought its ninth major version- Adobe Photoshop CS2.
  • Some of the newly launched features it introduced are likely Red-Eye Removal Tool, Lens Correction filter, Smart Objects, Spot Healing Brush, etc.
  • Also had the new addition of Camera RAW 3.0, Image Warping and Vanishing Point Tool along with custom presets.
  • Capable of High Dynamic Range Imaging with better memory management support.

Adobe Photoshop CS3 (10.0)

Adobe Photoshop CS3

Adobe Photoshop CS3

  • With a streamlined interface, Adobe released Photoshop CS3 in April 2007 for having a better productivity and performance.
  • It came with brand new streamlined interface and many new advanced features like Smart Filters, Quick Selection Tool, Refine Edge command, Auto Align & Auto Blend Layers, Black & White Adjustments, New Blending Modes, Vanishing Point, etc.
  • Photoshop CS3 became popular in the web design community for its mobile optimized design facilities.

Adobe Photoshop CS4 (11.0)

Adobe Photoshop CS4

Adobe Photoshop CS4

  • Adobe Photoshop CS4 is its 11th version that was released in October 2008 with some notable features.
  • It came with a friendly and simplified tab-based user interface.
  • Noteworthy Features: Capable of simple zooming & planning, includes Canvas rotation and color correction tools, Adjustment panel, 3D engine, Masks panel, etc.
  • Got improvements in Lightroom workflow along with 64-bit native support.

Adobe Photoshop CS5 (12.0)

Adobe Photoshop CS5

Adobe Photoshop CS5

  • Release date: April 2010. Extended version: May 2011.
  • First time released with subscription licence.
  • Key Features: Auto Image Straightening, Cropping & Shadow Catcher Tool, Puppet Warp Tool, Mixer Brush, Camera RAW grain control, Bristle Tips, New Blend modes: Subtract and Divide, extended Repousse 3D extrusion tool, etc. It also allows saving 16-bit image as jpg in this version.

Adobe Photoshop CS6 (13.0)

Adobe Photoshop CS6

Adobe Photoshop CS6

  • Photoshop CS6 was released in May 2012 with a huge number of changed, including its UI.
  • Introduced option dark user interface with all new icons and other elements.
  • Key Features: Auto background save, Revised vector tools, Layers, color, and exposure adjustments, Camera raw 7, Adaptive Wide Angle filter, Enhanced video support, 3DLUT adjustment, Paragraph and Character Styles, etc.

Adobe Photoshop CC (14.0)

Adobe Photoshop CC(14.0)

Adobe Photoshop CC(14.0)

  • You may ask modern users to know to – when was Photoshop invented? Many of the present users think of Adobe Photoshop CC as a new invention in the photo editing area by seeing its modern outlook and functionalities.
  • The first version of Photoshop CC was released in June 2013. Later in September 2013 and January 2014, it released its updated versions- 14.1 and 14.2 respectively.
  • Some of its noteworthy features are likely smart sharpen tool, Edited rounded rectangles , Conditional Actions , Camera shake reduction, Camera Raw 8.3, Perspective Warp, 3D Printing support, etc.

Adobe Photoshop CC (15.0)

  • IN June 2014, Photoshop CC released its updated version with more complex features. Later in the month of December of the same year, it brought an extended version namely Photoshop CC (15.2.2).
  • It included features like Perspective Wrap, 3D Printing support, Focus Mask, Blur Gallery Motion Effects, Adobe Camera RAW 8.3, Expanded Mercury Graphics Engine support, etc.

Adobe Photoshop CC (16.0)

  • Photoshop CC released its 16th version in June 2015. Later, it announced the upgraded versions of this series in November 2015 and January 2016 respectively with many advanced features.
  • Key Features: Modern and improved Artboards, Camera RAW 9.1, Dehaze tool, Realtime healing previews, New Creative Cloud Libraries, Enhanced export options, and many more.
  • It also had some bugs/errors in several ScriptUI, translation, command recording, color sampling with gradient tool, etc.

Adobe Photoshop CC (17.0)

  • This version was announced in June 2016 just after one year it released the 16th version of Photoshop.
  • It introduced some advanced functionalities, including Updated Libraries panel, Improved artboards, Match Font, Adobe Portfolio, Selection & Masking space, Content-aware tool cropping, etc.

Adobe Photoshop CC (18.0)

  • Unveiled in November 2016, Photoshop launched its 18th version of this application.
  • Noteworthy Features: Adobe XD integration, SVG color fonts support, search tool facility, Adobe Portfolio, MacBook Pro Touch Bar support, and better performance.
  • Errors/Bugs: Program error, Issues with TrueType and OpenType fonts, Corrupted files, Disk size error, etc.

Adobe Photoshop CC (19.0)

  • The 19th version of Adobe Photoshop came out in October 2017 and ended up in March 2019 with Photoshop 19.1.8.
  • Key Features: New Stroke smoothing features, updated composition engine with enhanced tooltips, Curvature pen tool, Paint brush & eraser tool, Multiple undo option, Microsoft Surface Dial & variable fonts support, Streamlined brush management, and more.
  • Errors/Bugs: Issues while using Artboard, Properties Panel, and Pen tool, hidden layer selection, Getting crashed when editing, painting, and copying or pasting a object.

Adobe Photoshop CC (20.0)

Adobe Photoshop CC(20.0)

Adobe Photoshop CC(20.0)

  • Released in October 2018, Adobe Photoshop came with its 20th version with more enhanced features.
  • Noteworthy Features: Improved layer panel with auto-commit and multiple undo modes, Color Wheel, 2x Select Subject, Proportional Transform, Symmetry Mode, etc.
  • Bugs: Photoshop crashing, slow performance, issues with image resizing, rendering, lighting effects, and smart filters.

Adobe Photoshop 2020 (21.0)

Adobe Photoshop 2020 (21.0)

Adobe Photoshop 2020 (21.0)

  • The most updated version of this specialized software comes with Adobe Photoshop 2020, which is its 21st The initial reveal date of this version is November 2019. And, it announced its recent stable release in May 2020.
  • Key Features: Better auto selections, improved properties panel, text layer properties, updated lens blur, customizable Warp, animated GIF & cloud documents support, new swatches, gradients, shapes, & stylish fonts, and many more additional features.
  • Compatible with MacOS, Windows, and iPadOS.

Wrapping Up

We started with a very common and popular query- When was Photoshop invented? Later, we ended with the Photoshop version history along with their notable features to let you know the details about its various versions that have been released till now. Hopefully, you got to learn many basic but essential things related to this application. However, it’s not the end of this journey. Many more functionalities are yet to add in the upcoming versions.