What is V-flat?

A V-flat is a versatile and practical tool used in photography and videography. It consists of two large, rigid panels, typically made of foam core boards, joined together at an angle to form a “V” shape. The panels are commonly sized around 4×8 feet (1.2×2.4 meters) and are covered on both sides with different materials, such as white, black, or neutral gray surfaces.

The primary purpose of V-flats is to control and modify lighting in a variety of ways during photo and video shoots. When used as a reflector, the white side of the V-flat bounces light back onto the subject, filling in shadows and creating softer, more even lighting.

V-flats are also employed as portable backgrounds, offering a clean and simple backdrop for subjects. Additionally, they are useful for flagging and blocking unwanted light, ensuring precise control over the lighting conditions of a scene.

What is the Advantage of Using V-flat?

The use of V-flats in photography and videography offers several significant advantages:

Light Control

V-flats provide photographers and videographers with excellent control over lighting. The white side can be used as a reflector to fill in shadows and create a soft, diffused light, while the black side can block light to add drama and contrast.

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V-flats are highly versatile tools that can serve multiple purposes. They can function as reflectors, backgrounds, and light blockers, making them useful in a wide range of shooting scenarios. This flexibility allows for more creative and dynamic lighting setups.


V-flats are typically made of foam core boards, which are lightweight and easy to transport. This portability makes them ideal for on-location shoots where studio-quality lighting control is required but cumbersome equipment may not be feasible.


V-flats are relatively inexpensive compared to other professional lighting modifiers or backgrounds. As they serve multiple functions, investing in a couple of V-flats can offer a cost-effective solution for achieving various lighting effects.

Quick Setup

Setting up V-flats is straightforward and requires minimal time. Photographers and videographers can quickly adjust the V-flats to control the lighting conditions without interrupting the flow of the shoot.

Clean Backgrounds

V-flats can be used as backgrounds to create a simple, clean, and consistent backdrop for subjects. This is particularly useful for portrait photography or product shoots where a distraction-free background is essential.

Light Spill Control

In a studio setting, V-flats can be positioned strategically to control light spills. This helps prevent unwanted light from affecting other parts of the scene or causing glare in the camera lens.

Modifying Existing Light

V-flats can be used to modify and shape existing ambient light, making them valuable tools for natural light photographers who want to enhance or manipulate available lighting conditions.

How Do You Make a V-flat?

Making a V-flat is a straightforward process that requires a few basic materials and tools. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to make a V-flat:

Here are some necessary materials you’ll need to make a V-flat:

  • Two large foam core boards (typically 4×8 feet or 1.2×2.4 meters)
  • Duct tape or gaffer tape
  • Utility knife or box cutter
  • Cutting mat (optional, but recommended for safety)

Now time to go through the Step-by-Step Instructions:

Prepare the Foam Core Boards: Lay the foam core boards on a flat surface, ensuring they are clean and free from any debris.

Measure and Cut: Decide on the desired size of your V-flat. The standard size is 4×8 feet, but you can adjust it to fit your needs. Use a straight edge or ruler to mark the measurements on the foam core boards.

Cut the Foam Core Boards: Using a utility knife or box cutter, carefully cut along the marked lines. It’s essential to cut through the foam core completely. For safety and precise cutting, use a cutting mat underneath the boards.

Join the Panels: Stand the two foam core boards upright, with their long edges facing each other to form a “V” shape. The boards should meet at a right angle, creating the V-flat structure. Make sure the two boards are flush against each other to ensure a tight joint.

Tape the Joint: Use duct tape or gaffer tape to secure the joint where the two boards meet. Apply the tape on both sides of the joint to strengthen and stabilize the V-flat. For added strength, you can tape both the front and back sides of the boards.

Covering the V-Flat: At this point, you have the basic V-flat structure. You can now cover each side with the desired material. Common choices are black and white foam core board. But you can also use neutral gray or other colors if you prefer. Simply tape the covering material to each side of the V-flat, making sure it’s taut and smooth.

Optional: If you want to make your V-flat more durable and long-lasting, you can reinforce the edges and corners with additional tape.

And there you have it! Your DIY V-flat is ready to use. You can now position it as needed to control and modify light in your photography or videography projects.


With the ability to function as reflectors, backgrounds, and light blockers, V-flats empower creators to shape and modify light with ease. They provide exceptional value, allowing artists to experiment and push creative boundaries without breaking the bank. Besides, their quick setup and easy adjustability make them ideal for both studio and on-location shoots.